York Statewide Adoption Reform's
Update: Albany legislative session is underway and our Assembly bill has been amended to A2901. Our Senate bill, S3314, will be introduced shortly and we are making plans to lobby our legislature. A date will be set soon. Join us to lobby and/or volunteer!
For details of our Assembly bill, visit the A2901 page. To display the complete text, click the checkbox next to "Text" near the top.
For details of our Senate bill, visit the S3314 page. To display the complete text, click the checkbox next to "Text" near the top.
Rod Shinners is a member of our Albany lobby team and a father in search.
UI is please to announce the appointment of our new Vice-President, Christine Gregory. Christine, a retired high-school political science teacher, mother, grandmother and adoptee from Cortland, New York, is pleased to be joining the fight for adoptee rights. "I believe it's a fundamental right that a person is inherently entitled to: something as basic as knowing who you are," she said. Read more about her personal story here.
Near the end of the 2014 legislative session our bill was amended and the result was horrifying. Worse than we could have ever expected. We cannot support newly-amended bill S2490B and A909A (these bills were not voted on in the 2014 session). In these times of civil and human rights when our society recognizes and respects the right to know as a healthy choice for adoptees, why can't New York State adoptees have a bill of rights passed instead of the option of going into court before judges who oppose the right to know? Judges who have a history of saying no to adoptees who have petitioned their courts. Judges who can't acknowledge that birth parents terminated parental rights and received no right to privacy. On what grounds will these judges base their decisions? Will it be fair and consistent for all adoptees? No, it will not; and putting the power in the hands of these judges is worse than having no rights. Will all adoptees have the money it costs to petition the court? Of course not. How fair is this?
Joyce Bahr, President, New York Statewide Adoption Reform's Unsealed Initiative
Joyce Bahr's letter to The Albany Times-Union:
ADULT ADOPTEES NEED RIGHT TO BIRTH RECORDS
Sunday, June 8, 2014 Section: Perspective Page D3
Why a Generation of Adoptees Is Returning to South Korea, The New York Times (Sunday Magazine Cover Story) January 14, 2015
WNYC Leonard Lopate segment: Why a Generation of Adoptees Is Returning to South Korea, January 15, 2015
New York Adoptees Fight for Access to Birth Certificates, The New York Times, June 15, 2014
Lebanese Adoptee, Searching for His Roots, Finds Islam, The New York Times, August 1, 2014
When Children Are Traded, by Nicholas Kristof, The New York Times, November 20, 2013
The Child Exchange: Inside America's underground market for adopted children, Reuters Investigates (5-part series), September 9, 2013
Mirah Riben's Adoption Reform articles in the Huffington Post
Watch testimony on YouTube for the Adoptee Bill of Rights A909 from our NY State Assembly Health Committee hearing, held in Manhattan on January 31, 2014:
Joyce Bahr, UI President and Founder, Manhattan Birth Parents Support Group
Kathleen Rice, Nassau County District Attorney & Ellen Mohr, her aunt and an adoptee
Joe Soll, Psychotherapist, Author and Adoptee
Rod Shinners, Father in Search
Nancy Horgan, Reunited Mother from Rhode Island
Michael Schoer, UI Coordinator for Brooklyn and Staten Island
Joe Pessalano, UI Lobby Team member
Lorraine Dusky, First Mother Forum website
Dana Stallard, Spence Chapin Services to Children and Adoptive Families
Leanne Jaffe, Adoption Consultant, Adapting to Adoption, Psychotherapist
Pat O'Brien, President, New York State Citizens Committee for Children
Doris Bertocci, Clinical Social Worker, Psychotherapist
Professor Elizabeth Samuels, Baltimore School of Law
Adam Pertman, President, Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Judy Kelly, PhD, LMHC, Manhattan Birth Parents Support Group, birth mother and facilitator
Michele Wadowski, Manhattan Birth Parents Support Group, birth mother and facilitator
Visit http://assembly.state.ny.us/av/ and look under Archived Videos for the complete video and audio recordings of the proceedings.
David Weprin, our Assembly bill sponsor, held a press conference for A909 in Albany on Tuesday March 18, 2014.
JOIN US TO LOBBY IN ALBANY
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Most of the world is looking down on Ireland and many U.S. states for failure to keep up with the times, to recognize badly needed human rights for adoptees and natural parents and to apologize to the victims. Scotland changed its sealed record law in 1930 and England in 1975. Kudos to the British for making the film Philomena.
Profile of Philomena Lee in The New York Times, November 11, 2013:
A Forced Adoption, a Lifetime Quest and a Longing That Never Waned
Philomena Lee Meets Claire McCaskill, U.S. Senator for Missouri to Discuss Adoption
Real-Life Woman Behind 'Philomena' Gets an Audience With Pope Francis
Sean Ross Abbey, Roscrea, Ireland
Philomena Lee and Martin Sixsmith on film portrayal
Meet the Real-Life Philomena Lee
The Real Philomena and her daughter, Jane
are a Pro Adoption Reform Organization
Adoptees must be free from a law legalizing the
falsification of permanent records. A bill signed by Governor Lehman in 1935 and enacted in 1938 which nullifies the inalienable
and civil right of a person to know the actual facts of their birth and obtain a copy of
Governor Lehman signed the closed record law in July 1935.
We are committed and dedicated to the cause of removing this outdated, unfair and
Adoptee David Phelps speaks out against discrimination against adoptees who deserve the inalienable right to know -- anything less is unacceptable.
A new law recently signed by Governor Cuomo extends participation in the adoption registry to include adult adoptees born in other states but adopted in New York.
At last they can obtain non-identifying information from the registry the same as adult adoptees born in the state.
New Study conducted by the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute -
Openness in Adoption: From Secrecy and Stigma to Knowledge and Connections
Professor Elizabeth J. Samuels study, "The Idea of Adoption: An Inquiry into the History of Adult Adoptee Access to Birth Records" concludes laws were enacted to protect the confidentiality of adoptive families, not birth or natural families.
She has reviewed surrender papers and finds no evidence women were given legal confidentiality.
Link to her testimony at the NY State Assembly January 31, 2014 hearing:
Link to her website:
Secrecy and confidentiality were one and the same and not legally defined because they were social mores and not laws.
Shame, secrecy and denial were social mores from the Victorian era that brought about the stigma of illegitimacy for both adoptees and for their mothers who were all too often manipulated into signing a surrender paper relinquishing their child for adoption.
Confidentiality was for the adoptive parents and not for the adoptee who professionals and everyone else knew would never search.
Social workers never developed programs to help women cope with the stigma of
illegitimacy because they felt these women deserved such stigma. Neither were
they informed that relinquishing their children would cause them lifelong grief
and anguish. Women were not presented with options. They were not considered
upright, competent nor deserving enough to raise their own children. Many women
signed a surrender paper stating that they would not interfere with the custody,
control and management of said child. The word confidentiality was not in any
surrender paper including mine. We were told over and over not to disrupt the
adoptive home and to get on with our lives and forget our own children.
Professor Samuel's research findings are correct: sealing adoption records was
meant to protect the adoptive parents, not birth or natural parents who were
treated without basic human dignity during this period and even today sadly
still are in many states. Adoptees fared no better. Torn from their natural families, their social and genetic histories, they had their native identities made secret by the state and were given new identities and expected to adapt as best they could.
This forced relinquishment and adaption has brought with it a host of problems for adoptees. By the 1970's, many sought to begin to address the realities of their lives by searching, but were dissuaded by the negative stereo type of the birth mother as prostitute, low-life or gutter dweller who would take the adoptee down with her.
However the truth eventually showed itself and adoptees found their mothers were, quite often, the girl next door.
-- Joyce Bahr, President
Please sign this online petition for
Open Records in New York State!
Bill Numbers S2490A (now S3314) and A909 (now A2901)
Mothers Who Surrendered to Adoption
please also sign this one:
Legislation would give adoptees access to birth records - NEWS10 ABC: Albany, New York
Kimberly Saxen recognizes "National Adoption Month 2014"
by burning her falsified birth certificate:
Australia's PM Julia Gilliard's Apology, March 2013
Here is the transcript:
Rosie Fuller's story of embarrassment and humiliation in her struggle to learn her identity. She ends up with two families and the answers she needs to heal her life.
UI Westchester Coordinator Melinda Warshaw's book A Legitimate Life can be purchased on Amazon.
ABC News Video November 27, 2012 Queensland Australia, Official Government Apology for forced adoptions of the past
Reporter Dan Rather covers the issue of mothers forced to surrender for adoption. Adopted or Abducted airs on HDNet TV May 1 at 8pm ET
Breaking News for Women's Rights: March 2012, The Australia National Post: Australia urged to compensate, apologize to unwed mothers forced to give up children for adoption.
Video and article: some women want apologies but some are demanding reparations! Report on Australian Senate Inquiry into forced adoptions expected this week 2/25/2012.
video: Assemblymembers David Weprin and Richard Gottfried Manhattan - City Hall Press Conference for the Bill of Adoptee Rights - filmed by Adoptee Jason Darnieder.
video: Adoptees Access to Records
video: New Hampshire Open Records Debate
Adoptee Larry Dell, PR Director for Unsealed Initiative offers $1000 for help in finding his birth family!
video: Annette Baran pt 1
Adoption social worker, author and pioneer in adoption reform speaks. Sadly she passed away recently but her work along with that of Reuben Pannor adoption social worker to end the harmful secrecy of the past, will be forever remembered.
video: Adoptee Thomas Brooks,
author of A Wealth of Family
video: Adoptee Jean Strauss,
The Right to Know
video: Adoptee, Singer, Songwriter Mary Gauthier performs her song "Blood is Blood." After many years and many recordings she expresses her feelings about her adoption and acknowledges the movement for open records.
video: Darryl McDaniels, Zara Phillips,
video: Promo by filmmaker Jason Darnieder
All My Life
Recent video: Mothers who deal with depression for many years after giving up children for adoption speak out
I Want My Baby Back - HuffPost Live
Video: The Woman in Black 2 - woman is also haunted by child she gave up for adoption.
The 36th Annual American Adoption Congress Conference
March 25-29, 2015
your birth parent forthcoming with pertinent medical history? See our Articles page and read the Surgeon
General's Family History Initiative and Adam Pertman's article,
"Adoptees Deserve Access to Family Histories".
Link: Adam Pertman's Blog
2007 Report by the Foremost Think Tank
on Adoption Issues:
Restoring A legal Right
for Adult Adoptees
The New York Open Records Bill gives adoptees full rights.
Our bill is similar to bills that are now laws in Alabama, New Hampshire, Oregon and
Maine. Rhode Island recently passed a bill of rights: all adult adoptees will have access in 2012.
Although the new law will not give adoptees direct access like laws in Alaska and
Kansas, it gives birth parents the option of filing a contact preference indicating they
want "direct contact", "contact through an intermediary" or "no contact".
Click here to
read more on the Bill Summary page.
Adoptee Tales from the Sealed Record Era
Michael Potter's blog, Navigating the Present and the Future Without A Past: A collection of 12 essays published in The Kindle Edition. "The Last Invisible Continent: Essays on Adoption."
Queens Catholic Priest Father Tom Brosnan, a reunited adoptee, blogs on Adoption and Faith.
Adoptionfind blog: Rhode Island adoptees age 25 will get a new law and the right to know!
Family Ties Blog: Are Adult Adoptees Worthy of Respect
Lost Daughters adoption blog...it's a sisterhood
Recently we have become part of a state wide coalition of adoption agencies and child welfare organizations throughout the state to fight for passage of a fair and nondiscriminatory bill giving all adult adoptees rights. We are now a part of NYS Open Records Legislative Collaboration.
The Child Welfare League of America is in support of Open Records for all Adoptees in the U.S.
at age 18. Catholic Charities in Albany, The American Adoption Congress, Spence Chapin
Adoption Agency in New York City, Holt International Children Services (a leading adoption
agency), The Adoptees Liberty Movement Association, Adoption Crossroads, Manhattan
Birthparents Support Group, North American Council
on Adoptable Children, New York Foundling Hospital, Manhattan, Hillside Adoption Services, Rochester, Friends of Adoption, Queens, New York State Citizens Coalition for Children, Council for Families and Child Caring Agencies, Adoption Under One Roof,
Episcopal Diocese of Albany and Center for Family Connections, Concerned United Birth Parents, OriginsUSA, Ethica, OpenAdoption.org, and Adoption Action Network
all strongly support our bills.
The Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute, the foremost think tank on adoption issues in our country has researched this issue with two important studies finding for adoptee access to birth certificates.
Adopted Children Should Be Able to View Adoption Records,
Says Recent Survey by FindLaw:
1997 Cornell University Study Indicates Adoptive Parents
Are In Favor Of Open Records:
Connecticut activists advocate for long overdue rights
link to OBC for Connecticut:
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Studies Finding for Adoptee Access to Original Birth Certificates
2012 - 50 pages - Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute: "Openness in Adoption: From Secrecy and Stigma to Knowledge and Connections"
2010 - 46 pages - Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute: "For the Records II: An Examination of the History and Impact of Adult Adoptee Access to Original Birth Certificates" is based on a years-long examination of relevant judicial and legislative documents; on decades of research and other scholarly writing; and on the concrete experiences of states and countries that have either changed their laws to provide these documents or never sealed them at all (Entire study published on Institute's website).
2009 - 112 pages - Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute: "Beyond Culture Camp: Promoting Healthy Identity Formation for Adoptees." The broadest, most extensive examination of adult adoptive identity to date. (Entire study published on Institute's website).
2007 - 50 pages - Professor E. Wayne Carp: "Does Opening Adoption Records Have an Adverse Social Impact? Some Lessons from the U.S., Great Britain, and Australia 1953 to 2007." (Study available from www.informaworld.com or from Unsealed Initiative).
2007 - 31 pages - Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute: "For the Record: Restoring a Legal Right for Adult Adoptees." (Entire study published on Institute's website).
2008 - 33 pages - Cleveland State Law Review: "The Only Americans Legally Prohibited from Knowing Who Their Birth Parents Are; A rejection of Privacy Rights as a Bar to Adult Adoptee Access to Birth and Adoption Records." (Online copy available from Unsealed Initiative). Cleveland State Law Review. Volume 55 issue 3.
2001 - 59 pages - Professor Elizabeth J. Samuels: "The Idea of Adoption: an Inquiry into The History of Adult Adoptee Access to Birth Records." Study concludes confidentiality was for adoptive parents. Some birth parents signed surrender papers agreeing to stay away from the custody of the adoptee and adoptive family. But no birth parent was given confidentiality or a right to privacy. This study is published in the Rutgers law review #367, 2001. (3-page conclusion available from Unsealed Initiative).
1997 - Cornell University study sponsored by the New York State Citizens Coalition Children: "Adoptive Parents Are Overwhelmingly in Favor of Opening Sealed Adoption Records." (Available at www.news. cornell.edu/release/jan97/adoption.record.ssl.ht).
1973 - New York Law Forum study concludes adults adoptees should have access to identity and birth records for psychological health reasons. (Available from Unsealed Initiative).
Survey Finding for Access
2003 - Survey conducted by FindLaw finds an overwhelming majority of Americans believe adopted children should be granted full access to their adoption records when they become adults. (Survey findings published on http://www.findlaw.com).
Convention on the Rights of the Child
1989 - UN Resolution (44/25 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Article 8). Section 1 states parties undertake to respect the right of the child to preserve his or her identity, including nationality, name and family relations as recognized by law without unlawful interference. Section 2 states where a child is illegally deprived of some or all of the elements of his or her identity, state parties shall provide appropriate assistance and protection, with a view of re-establishing speedily his or her identity.
New York Statewide Adoption Reform needs your
support with letter-writing and lobbying for the "Bill of Adoptee Rights".
Passage of the Bill will allow adult adoptees, age eighteen or older, the right to their
original Birth Certificate. We are asking for the same right that non-adopted persons take
for granted. The New York State adoption law that seals records is unfair, outdated and
discriminatory. The law violates adoptees civil rights.
victories for adoptees in New Hampshire, Maine, Tennessee, Oregon, Alabama, Delaware and Rhode Island,
and records already open in Kansas and Alaska since the 1950s, New Yorkers want our
state to be next.
the 1996 Tennessee bill was followed with two lawsuits organized by the pro-secrecy
opponents hoping to repeal the law. However, the final decision by the U.S. Court of
Appeals for the Sixth Circuit and by the Tennessee Supreme Court held that the statute
violates no rights of birth parents under either the Federal Constitution or the Tennessee
Constitution. Passage of the 1999 Oregon Initiative, voted by citizens as a measure on the
ballot, gave adoptees full rights to birth records. Again, opponents organized a lawsuit
to enjoin the initiative. The lawsuit was dismissed by a court trial, and the Oregon Court
of Appeals unanimously affirmed that dismissal. In its affirmance the Court of Appeals
relied in part on the Sixth Circuit federal court decision. The new law in Tennessee
allows birth parents the right to place a contact veto meaning that if a birth parent does
not want contact and the adoptee makes contact anyway despite the contact veto, the
adoptee could be up against a class "A" misdemeanor charge (if the birth parent
decides to file a charge). This law bringing adoption law to a place of being criminal
sets a bad precedent... Even though very few birth parents want to file a contact veto the
possibility of jail time for an adoptee is outrageous. There are already harassment laws
on the books. This kind of law is unacceptable. Recent passage of open records laws in
Alabama and Delaware were not subjected to lawsuits by the opposition. Since the
1950s Kansas and Alaska have had laws similar to laws enacted in England, Germany,
Holland, The Netherlands, Australia, New Zealand, New South Wales, British Columbia &
Newfoundland Canada, Scotland, Israel, and Finland, since the 1970s and 1980s. Meaning
that adoptees have full rights and there is no possibility of legal ramifications
resulting in a fine and/or jail time.
first year that records were opened in Oregon 5,318 requests were made by adoptees for
records. Only 58 birth parents did not want contact. In Delaware there were 414 requests
for records by adoptees and only 14 birth parents did not want contact. We are waiting for
statistics from Tennessee and Alabama. Most birth parents do not want confidentiality.
Those who do not want contact always have the option of saying "no". Search and
reunion are accepted in American society as normal events. Yet the law that seals records
is slow to catch up to that norm.
Statewide Adoption Reform, along with your help, can open records and give tax-paying
citizens long overdue rights. Our strength is in numbers and unity. Please join us.
1970's protest; recent David Weprin press conference; David Hancock's First NY State Legislature Lobby